ESPIRITUALIDAD ENTRE EL PROFESORADO EN UNA UNIVERSIDAD PRIVADA EN LIMA, PERÚ

  • Dirk Gootjes Kasel Argosy University, Sarasota , Florida , Estados Unidos
  • César H. Limaymanta-Álvarez Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas , Lima, Perú
Palabras clave: espiritualidad, profesorado, género

Resumen

Este estudio examinó la opinión del profesorado sobre la espiritualidad en una universidad privada en Lima, Perú. Se utilizó el enfoque mixto secuencial y abarcó dos etapas. Para la fase cuantitativa 240 profesores completaron la escala de Bienestar Espiritual (SWBS) de Paloutzian y Ellison (1982). Se analizaron cinco preguntas de investigación que exploran 5 variables. Para conocer si existían diferencias significativas dentro de esas variables se utilizaron las pruebas no paramétricas U de Mann-Whitney y Kruskal-Wallis. Sólo el género mostró una diferencia significativa en las puntuaciones de bienestar espiritual. La fase cualitativa se dio por medio de un grupo de enfoque y participaron cinco profesores para explorar la diferencia de género. La diferencia entre hombres y mujeres se exploraron mediante cinco preguntas y emergieron cuatro temas: enculturación de género, maternidad biológica, estrés y fuerza interna.

Descargas

La descarga de datos todavía no está disponible.

Citas

Abu-Febiri, F. (2011). Inviting emotions, morals and spirit into our classrooms: A sociological perspective on the human factor model of education. Review of Human Factor Studies, 17(1), 40-89.

Ashmos, D. P., & Duchon, D. (2000). Spirituality at work: A conceptualization and measure. Journal of Management Inquiry, 9(2), 134-145. doi:10.1177/105649260092008

Astin, A. W. (2004). Why spirituality deserves a central place in liberal education. Spirituality Higher Education Newsletter, 1(1), 1-12.

Astin, A. W., & Astin, H. S. (1999). Meaning and spirituality in the lives of college faculty: A study of values, authenticity and stress. Los Angeles, CA: Higher Education Research Institute, UCLA.

Banyhamdan, K. T., Harrim, H., & Yahya Al-Qutop, M. (2012). Transforming an organization into a spiritual one: A five-pathway integrated framework. International Journal of Business and Management, 7(11), 74-86. doi:10.5539/ijbm.v7n11p74

Bell, E., & Taylor, S. (2004). From outward bound to inward bound: The prophetic voices and discursive practices of spiritual management development. Human Relations, 57(4), 439-466. doi:10.1177/0018726704043895

Beringer, A. (2000). In search of the sacred: A conceptual analysis of spirituality. The Journal of Experiential Education, 23(3), 157-165. doi:10.1177/105382590002300307

Braskamp, L. A. (2003). Fostering student development through faculty development: A national survey of chief academic officers at church-related colleges. Chicago: Loyola University Chicago.

Bryant, A. N. (2007). Gender differences in spiritual development during the college years. Sex Roles, 56(11-12), 835-846. doi:10.1007/s11199-007-9240-2

Bufford, R. K., Paloutzian, R. F., & Ellison, C. W. (1991). Norms for the Spiritual WellBeing Scale. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 19(1), 56-70.

Burke, L. (2014). Twenty-first century learning from a third century BC perspective. International Schools Journal, 33(2), 47-

Carrette, J., & King, R. (2005). Selling spirituality: The silent takeover of religion. New York: Routledge.

Charoensukmongkol, P., Daniel, J. L., & ChatelainJardon, R. (2013). Enhancing workplace spirituality through emotional intelligence. Journal of Applied Management and Entrepreneurship, 18(4), 3-17.

Chickering, D., Dalton, J., & Stamm, L. (2006). Encouraging authenticity and spirituality in higher education. San Francisco, CA: Jossey Bass.

Churchman, D. (2006). Institutional commitments, individual compromises: Identity- related responses to compromise in an Australian university. Journal of Higher Education Policy and Management, 28(1), 3-15. doi:10.1080/13600800500283676

Dandona, A. (2013). Spirituality at workplace and job satisfaction. International Journal of BioSciences, Alternative and Holistic Medicine, 4(1), 1-9.

D’Costa, A. (1995). Review of the spiritual wellbeing scale. In C. Conoley (Ed.), Mental measurement yearbook (12th ed.). (pp. 983-984). Lincoln, NE: Buros Institute of Mental Measurements, University of Nebraska Press.

De Jager Meezenbroek, E., Garssen, B., van den Berg, M., van Dierendonck, D., Visser, A., & Schaufeli, W. B. (2012). Measuring spirituality as a universal human experience: A review of spirituality questionnaires. Journal of Religion and Health, 51(2), 336-54. doi:10.1007/s10943-010-9376-1

Denton, D., & Ashton, W. (Eds.). (2004). Spirituality, action, and pedagogy: Teaching from the heart. New York: Peter Lang.

Dillard, C. B. (2006). On spiritual strivings: Transforming an African American woman’s academic life. New York: SUNY Press.

Ecklund, E. H., & Long, E. (2011). Scientists and spirituality. Sociology of Religion 2011, 72(3), 253-274. doi: http://dx.doi.10.1093/socrel/srr003

Ellison, C. W. (1983). Spiritual well-being: Conceptualization and measurement. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 11(4), 330-340.

Ellison, L. (2006). A review of the Spiritual WellBeing Scale. News Notes, 44(1).

Estanek, S. M. (2006). Redefining spirituality: A new discourse. College Student Journal, 40(2), 270-281.

Forray, J. M., & Stork, D. (2002). All for one: A parable of spirituality and organization. Organization, 9(3), 533-545. doi:10.1177/135050840293014

Geigle, D. (2012). Workplace spirituality empirical research: A literature review. Business and Management Review, 2(10), 14-27.

Giacalone, R. A., & Jurkiewicz, C. L. (2003). Toward a science of workplace spirituality. In R. A. Giacalone & C. L. Jurkiewicz (Eds.), Handbook of workplace spirituality and organizational performance (pp. 3-28).nArmonk, NY: M. E. Sharpe.

Giacalone, R. A., Krahnke, K., & Jurkiewicz, C. L. (2003). Point-counterpoint: Measuring workplace spirituality. Journal of Organizational Change Management, 16(4), 396-405. doi:10.1108/09534810310484154

Gotsis, G., & Kortezi, Z. (2008). Philosophical foundations of workplace spirituality: A critical approach. Journal of Business Ethics, 78(4), 575-600. doi:10.1007/s10551-007-9369-5

Griffin, D. R. (1988). Introduction: Postmodern spirituality and society. In D. R. Griffin, (Ed.), Spirituality and society: postmodern visions (pp. 1-31). Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.

Hayden, R. W., Barbuto, J. E., Jr., & Goertzen, J. E. (2008). Proposing a framework for a non-ideological conceptualization of spirituality in the workplace. Proceedings of the Midwest Academy of Management, St. Louis, Missouri.

Issa, T., & Pick, D. (2010). Ethical mindsets: An Australian study. Journal of Business Ethics, 96(4), 613-629. doi:10.1007/s10551-010-0487-0

Izak, M. (2009). Spirituality in organization: A dubious idea (?). Tamara Journal, 8(2), 73-88.

Kazanjian, V. H., & Laurence, P. L. (Eds.). (2002). Education as transformation: religious pluralism, spirituality, and a new vision for higher education in America. New York: Peter Lang.

Kim, B. S., & Abreu, J. M. (2001). Acculturation measurement. Handbook of multicultural counseling, 2.

Kirsch, G. E. (2009). From introspection to action: Connecting spirituality and civic engagement. College Composition and Communication, 60(4), W1-W15.

Korac-Kakabadse, N., Kouzmin, A., & Kakabadse, A. (2002). Spirituality and leadership praxis. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 17(3), 165-182. doi:10.1108/02683940210423079

Krishnakumar, S., & Neck, C. P. (2002). The “what”, “why” and “how” of spirituality in the workplace. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 17(3), 153-164. doi:10.1108/02683940210423060

Lindholm, J. A., & Astin, H. S. (2008). Spirituality and pedagogy: Faculty’s spirituality and use of student-centered approaches to undergraduate teaching. Review of Higher Education, 31(2), 185-207.

Lindholm, J. A., Astin, H. S., & Astin, A. W. (2005). Spirituality and the professoriate. Los Angeles: Higher Education Research Institute, UCLA.

Lips-Wiersma, M. & Nilakant, V. (2008). Practical compassion: Toward a critical spiritual foundation for corporate responsibility. In J. Biberman & L. Tischler (Eds.), Spirituality in Business: Theory, Practice, and Future Directions (pp. 51-72). New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Mahalik, J. R., & Logan, H. D. (2001). Examining masculine gender role conflict and stress in relation to religious orientation and spiritual well-being. Psychology of Men & Masuclinity, 2, 24-33. doi:10.3149/jms.1401.27

Mahoney, M. J., & Graci, G. M. (1999). The meanings and correlates of spirituality: Suggestions from an exploratory survey of experts. Death Studies, 23(6), 495-519. doi:10.1080/074811899200867

Marques, J., Dhiman, S., & King, R. (2007) Spirituality in the workplace: What it is, why it matters, how to make it work for you. Fawnskin, CA, USA: Personhood Press.

Miller, D. W. 2007. God at work: The history and promise of the faith at work movement. New York: Oxford University Press.

Nadesan, M. H. (1999). The discourses of corporate spiritualism and evangelical capitalism. Management Communication Quarterly, 13(1), 3-42. doi:10.1177/0893318999131001

Nash, R. J. (2001). Religious pluralism in the academy: Opening the dialogue. New York: Peter Lang.

National Survey of Student Engagement. (2011). In Remembrance. Retrieved from http://nsse.iub.edu/NSSE_2011_Results/pdf/NSSE_2011_AnnualResults .pdf

Newberg, A., D’Aquili, E., & Rause, V. (2001). Why God won’t go away: Brain science and the biology of belief. New York: Ballantine.

Palmer, P. J. (1997). The heart of a teacher: Identity and integrity in teaching. Change Magazine, 29(6), 14-27. doi:10.1080/00091389709602343

Palmer, P. J. (1998). The courage to teach: Exploring the inner landscape of a teacher’s life. San Francisco: JosseyBass.

Palmer, P. J. (2003). Teaching with heart and soul: Reflections on spirituality in teacher education. Journal of Teacher Education, 54(5), 376-385. doi:10.1177/0022487103257359

Palmer, P. J. (2007). A new professional: The aims of education revisited. Change Magazine, (no pages given). Retrieved from http://www.changemag.org/Archives/Back%20Issues/November-December%202007/full-new-professional.html

Paloutzian, R. F., & Ellison, C.W. (1982). Loneliness, spiritual well-being and the quality of life. In L.A. Peplau and D. Perlman (Eds.), Loneliness: A sourcebook of current theory, research and therapy. New York: Wiley, pp. 224-237.

Paloutzian, R. F., & Ellison, C. W. (2009). LifeADVANCE: Manual for the spiritual well-being scale. Retrieved from http://www.lifeadvance.com/products.html

Parks, S. D. (2000). Big questions, worthy dreams: Mentoring young adults in their search for meaning, purpose, and faith. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Pawar, B. S. (2013). Leadership spiritual behaviors toward subordinates: An empirical examination of the effects of a leader’s individual spirituality and organizational spirituality. Journal of Business Ethics, 122, 439-452. doi:10.1007/s10551-013-1772-5

Pratt, M. (2000). Building an ideological fortress: The role of spirituality, encapsulation, and sensemaking 1. Studies in Cultures, Organizations and Societies, 6(1), 35 -69. doi:10.1080/10245280008523537

Polley, D., Vora, J., & SubbaNarasimha, P. N. (2005). Paying the devil his due: Limits and liabilities of workplace spirituality. The International Journal of Organizational Analysis, 13(1), 50-63. doi:10.1108/eb028997

Rego, A., & Pina e Cunha, M. (2008). Workplace spirituality and organizational commitment: An empirical study. Journal of Organizational Change Management, 21(1), 53-75. doi:10.1108/09534810810847039

Rendón, L. (2008). Sentipensante pedagogy: Educating for wholeness, social justice, and liberation. Sterling, VA: Stylus.

Rider, E. A. (2005). Our voices: Psychology of women (2nd ed.). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons.

Riley, A. T. (2010). Striving to breathe and balance on the brink: Spirituality in the lives of new faculty in transition. (Order No. 3403010, The University of Oklahoma). ProQuest Dissertations and Theses, 273-n/a. Retrieved from http://searchproquest.com/docview/305217300?accountid=43860. (305217300)

Rindfleish, J. (2005). Consuming the self: New Age spirituality as “social product” in consumer society. Consumption, Markets and Culture, 8(4), 343-360. doi:10.1080/10253860500241930

Robinson, K. (2010). Changing paradigms in education. [Webinar sponsored by the Renaissance Society of America]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=brJNOKZGaLE

Sands, R. G., Robyn, R. S., & Rivka, A. D. (2007). Gender differences in the construction of spirituality, work, learning, and community by baalei teshuvah. Sex Roles, 57(7-8), 527-541. doi:10.1007/s11199-007-9286-1

Shahjahan, R. A. (2010). Toward a spiritual praxis: The role of spirituality among faculty of color teaching for social justice. The Review of Higher Education, 33(4), 473-512. doi:10.1353/rhe.0.0166

Simpson, D. B., Cloud, D. S., Newman, J. L., & Fuqua, D. R. (2008). Sex and gender differences in religiousness and spirituality. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 36(1), 42-52. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/223670316?accountid=43860

Smith, C. (1996). Correcting a curious neglect, or bringing religion back in. In C. Smith (Ed.), Disruptive religion. London: Routledge.

Tisdell, E. J. (2003). Exploring spirituality and culture in adult and higher education. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Tolliver, D. E., & Tisdell, E. J. (2006). Engaging Spirituality in the Transformative Higher Education Classroom. New Directions for Adult & Continuing Education, 2006(109), 37-47. doi:10.1002/ace.206

Winefield, A. H., Gillespie, N., Stough, C., Dua, J., Hapuarachchi, J., & Boyd, C. (2003). Occupational stress in Australian university staff: Results from a national survey. International Journal of Stress Management, 10(1), 51-63. doi:10.1037/1072-5245.10.1.51

Yihong, F. (2002). From holistic worldview to holistic education: Crossboundary journeys of educators toward integrative learning and integral being. (Order No. 3056222, University of Massachusetts Amherst). ProQuest Dissertations and Theses. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/275597513?accountid=43860. (275597513)

Zajonc, A. (2003). Spirituality in higher education: Overcoming the divide. Liberal Education, 89(1), 50-58.

Publicado
2016-06-10
Cómo citar
Gootjes Kasel, D., & Limaymanta-Álvarez, C. H. (2016). ESPIRITUALIDAD ENTRE EL PROFESORADO EN UNA UNIVERSIDAD PRIVADA EN LIMA, PERÚ. Revista Digital De Investigación En Docencia Universitaria, 9(2), 9-32. https://doi.org/10.19083/ridu.9.450
Sección
Artículos de investigación