INDICATORS OF SOCIAL NETWORK ADDICTION IN COLLEGE STUDENTS FROM LIMA

Authors

  • Elizabeth Dany Araujo Robles Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia , Lima, Perú

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.19083/ridu.10.494

Keywords:

addictions, social networking addiction, college students, gender

Abstract

The study was conducted on 200 students from a private university in Lima (150 female), who belong to four academic programs: Psychology, Administration and International Business, Pharmacy and Biochemistry, and Obstetrics. The objective of the study is to assess the intensity of three social network addiction dimensions: obsession for social networking, lack of personal control about using social networks, and excessive use of social networks. The Social Networking Addiction Questionnaire from Escurra and Salas (2014) was used. Results show low levels for all indicators assessed. Males' scores were significantly higher than females' only in the obsession for social networking indicators. In addition, for all three dimensions, the Administration program students obtained the highest scores, and the Psychology and Obstetrics program students obtained the lowest. The implications of the results found are discussed.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Ackerman, P. L. & Beier, M. E. (2003). Intelligence, personality, and interests in the career choice process. Journal of Career Assessment, 11(2), 205-218. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1069072703011002006

American Psychiatric Association (2008). Manual diagnóstico y estadístico de los trastornos mentales. Barcelona: Masson.

Andreassen, C. S. (2015). Online social network site addiction: A comprehensive review. Current Addiction Reports, 2(2), 175-184. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40429-015-0056-9

Andreassen, C. S., Torsheim, T., Brunborg, G. S., & Pallesen, S. (2012). Development of a Facebook addiction scale. Psychological Reports, 110(2), 501-517. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.2466/02.09.18.PR0.110.2.501-517

Arnaboldi, V., Passarella, A., Conti, M., & Dunbar, R. I. M. (2015). Online social networks: Human cognitive constrains in Facebook and Twitter personal graphs. Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Barker, V. (2009). Older adolescents´ motivations for social network site use: the influence of gender, group identity, and collective self-esteem. CyberPsychology and Behavior, 12(2), 209-213. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/cpb.2008.0228

Bitrán, M., Zúñiga, D., Lafuente, M., Viviani, P. & Mena, B. (2004). Características psicológicas y estilos cognitivos de estudiantes de medicina y de otras carreras de la Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile. Revista Médica de Chile, 132 (7), 809-815. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872004000700004

Byrnes, J. P., Miller, D. C., & Schafer, W. D. (1999). Gender differences in risk taking: a meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 125(3), 367-383. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.125.3.367

Cam, E., & Isbulan, O. (2012). A new addiction for teacher candidates: social networks. The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, 11(3), 14-19.

Caplan, S. E., & High, A. C. (2011). Online social interaction, psychosocial well-being, and problematic internet use. En K. S. Young, & C. Nabuco de Abreu (Eds.), Internet addiction. A handbook and guide to evaluation and treatment (pp. 35-53). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.

Casas, J. A., Ruiz-Olivares, R., & Ortega-Ruiz, R. (2013). Validation of the Internet and Social Networking Experiences Questionnaire in Spanish adolescents. International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology, 13(1), 40-48. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1697-2600(13)70006-1

Chóliz, M. & Marco, C. (2012). Adicción a Internet y redes sociales. Tratamiento psicológico. Madrid: Alianza Editorial.

Colás, P., González, T. & de Pablos, J. (2013). Juventud y redes sociales: Motivaciones y usos preferentes. Comunicar, 20(40), 15-23. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3916/C40-2013-02-01

Courtenay, W. H. (2000). Behavioral factors associated with disease, injury or death among men: Evidence and implications for prevention. The Journal of Men`s Studies, 9(1), 81-142. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3149/jms.0901.81

Cross, C. P., Copping, L. T., & Campbell, A. (2011). Sex differences in impulsivity: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 137(1), 97-130. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0021591

Durkee, T., Kaess, M., Carli, V., Parzer, P., Wasserman, C., …Wasserman, D.(2012). Prevalence of pathological internet use among adolescents in Europe: demographic and social factors. Addiction, 107(12), 2210-2222. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2012.03946

Echeburúa, E. & Corral, P. (2010). Adicción a las nuevas tecnologías y a las redes sociales en jóvenes: un nuevo reto. Adicciones, 22(2), 91-96. Recuperado de

http://www.adicciones.es/index.php/adicciones/article/view/196/186

Echeburúa, E. & Requesens, A. (2012). Adicción a las redes sociales y nuevas tecnologías en niños y adolescentes. Guía para educadores. Madrid: Pirámide.

Escurra, M. & Salas, E. (2014). Construcción y validación del cuestionario de adicción a las redes sociales. Liberabit, 20(1), 73-91.

Gámez, E., Marrero, H., Díaz, J. M. & Urrutia, M. (2015). ¿Qué esperan encontrar los alumnos en los estudios de Psicología? Metas y motivos personales de los estudiantes en su primer año en la universidad. Anales de Psicología, 31(2), 589-599. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.6018/analesps.31.2.171851

García, J. A. (2013). Adicciones tecnológicas: el auge de las redes sociales. Salud y Drogas, 13(1), 5-14.

Griffiths, M. D., Kuss, D. J. & Demetrovics, Z. (2014). Social networking addiction: An overview and preliminary findings. En K. P. Rosenberg & L. C. Feder (Eds.), Behavioral addictions. Criteria, evidence, and treatment (pp. 119-141). San Diego, CA: Elsevier-Academic Press.

Griffiths, M. D., Parke, J., & Derevensky, J. L. (2011). Remote gambling in adolescence. En J. Derevensky , D. T. Shek, & J. Merrick (Eds.), Youth gambling. The hidden addiction (pp. 125-143). Boston: De Gruyter.

Harris, C. R., Jenkins, M., & Glaser, D. (2006). Gender differences in risk assessment: why do women take fewer risks than men? Judgment and Decision Making, 1, 48-63.

Herrera, M. F., Pacheco, M. P., Palomar, P. & Zavala, D. (2010). La adicción a Facebook relacionada con la baja autoestima, la depresión y la falta de habilidades sociales. Psicología Iberoamericana, 18(1), 6-18.

Jelenchick, L. A., Eickhoff, J. C. & & Moreno, M. A. (2013). “Facebook depression?” Social networking site use and depression in older adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 52(1), 128-130. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2012.05.008

Kadushin, C. (2012). Understanding social networks. Nueva York: Oxford University Press.

Kuss, D. J., & Griffiths, M. D. (2011). Online social networking and addiction-A review of the psychological literature. International Journal of Environment Research and Public Health, 8(9), 3528-3552. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph8093528

Marín, D., Sampedro, B. E. & Muñoz, J. M. (2015). ¿Son adictos a las redes sociales los estudiantes universitarios? Revista Complutense de Educación, 26, 233-251. doi:

http://dx.doi.org/10.5209/rev_RCED.2015.v26.46659

Park, N., Kee, K. F., & Valenzuela, S. (2009). Being immersed in social networking environment: Facebook groups, uses and gratifications, and social outcomes. CyberPsychology and Behavior, 12, 729-733. doi: 10.1089/cpb.2009.0003

Pempek, T. A., Yermolayeva, Y. A. & Calvert, S. L. (2009). College students´ social networking experiences on Facebook. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 30(3), 227-238. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appdev.2008.12.010

Pérez, D. (2013). Redes sociales como lugar en la educación. En A. Constante (Coord.), Las redes sociales. Una manera de pensar el mundo (pp. 51-68). México: UNAM-Ediciones Sin Nombre.

Puerta-Cortés, D. X. & Carbonell, X. (2013). Uso problemático de internet en una muestra de estudiantes universitarios colombianos. Avances en Psicología Latinoamericana, 31, 620-631.

Rial, A., Gómez, O., Braña, T. & Varela, J. (2014). Actitudes, percepciones y uso de Internet y las redes sociales entre los adolescentes de la comunicad gallega (España). Anales de Psicología, 30(2), 642-655. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.6018/analesps.30.2.159111

Ross, C., Orr, E. S., Sisic, M., Arsenault, J. M., Simmering, M. G., & Orr, R. (2006). Personality and motivations associated with Facebook use. Computers in Human Behavior, 25(2), 578-586. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2008.12.024

Sverko, I., & Babarovic, T. (2016). Integrating personality and career adaptability into vocational interest space. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 94, 89-103. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/jvb.2016.02.017

Thompson, S. H., & Lougheed, E. (2012). Frazzled by Facebook? An exploratory study of gender differences in social network communication among undergraduate men and women. College Student Journal, 46(1), 88-98.

Yesil, M. M. (2014). The relationship between Facebook use and personality traits of university students. International Journal of Academic Research, Part B, 6, 75-80. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.7813/2075-4124.2014/6-2/B.12

Young, K. (2007). Cognitive-behavioral therapy with Internet addicts: Treatment outcomes and implications. CyberPsychology and Behavior, 10(5), 671-679. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/cpb.2007.9971

West, R., & Brown, J. (2013). Theory of addiction (2da. Ed.). Chichester, Inglaterra: John Wiley & Sons.

Published

2016-11-15

How to Cite

Araujo Robles, E. D. (2016). INDICATORS OF SOCIAL NETWORK ADDICTION IN COLLEGE STUDENTS FROM LIMA. Revista Digital De Investigación En Docencia Universitaria [Digital Journal of University Teaching Research], 10(2), 48–58. https://doi.org/10.19083/ridu.10.494

Issue

Section

Original articles